Truth About Formaldehyde in Keratin Hair Treatment By Raji Rai

Although Brazilian hair straightening is gaining popularity many prefer to stay away from it due to the presence of formaldehyde in the product. It is a fact that formaldehyde is harmful for the human body. Knowing this fact, I’m sure no stylist or brands will market such unsafe products. Due to internet, information is freely available to everyone hence there is nothing to hide about the pros and cons of any consumer product. This is applicable to even the Brazilian hair straightening technique.

Keeping the interests of consumers in mind some reputed cosmetic brands have come out with formaldehyde free keratin hair treatments. This hair treatment absolutely does not contain formaldehyde and results in soft, silky hair. It is a myth that Formaldehyde levels should never reach greater than .02% in any product. Actually Products that are applied directly on the skin must have lower levels of Formaldehyde because of the absorption factor. Our skin absorbs creams and make-up including the toxins in them. Higher concentrations of Formaldehyde would be dangerous in makeup and certain skin creams. But for Hair Treatments, the product is applied such that it does not touch the scalp and also it does not remain for extended period of time on the hair. It is always applied to the hair and sealed with the flat iron. Even formaldehyde content up to 2% is considered as safe. Of course, prolonged and consistent exposure to formaldehyde might cause some side-effects.

Most of the salons which offer Keratin Hair treatment take the necessary precautionary measures. It will be better if the clients are also aware of the dos and don’ts before getting the treatment. Keratin hair treatment is not advisable for Pregnant and nursing women. It is necessary to wear mask during the treatment and also the place where the treatment is done should be well ventilated.

Many fear that the steam that rises during the blow dry and flat ironing phase in the keratin hair treatment is harmful. This is again not entirely true. The sediment that may be contained in this airborne steam might be disturbing for some since formaldehyde is classified as a carcinogen. But this can be easily avoided by wearing a mask during the Flat iron process and perform this process in a ventilated area. Even a handy fan can be given to the customer to keep the fume away. Compared to other straightening methods in Brazilian hair straightening there is no strong smell emanated during the process since there are no chemicals involved. You can hardly feel that you are undergoing a hair treatment when this product is applied to your hair.

As a consumer you have all the rights to research before deciding on any treatment. But blindly do not believe whatever you read. Keep some important pointers in mind like always go for salons and brands which have many years of experience behind them and good customer feedback. Consult your hair stylist and clear all your apprehensions before taking the plunge because it is not easy to restore what is once damaged.

Here are some amazing formaldehyde free hair treatments from Global Keratin. They provide wonderful results which will make you hair soft and shiny naturally as it is based on the natural protein Keratin.

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Formaldehyde and Cancer Risk

Key Points

  • Formaldehyde is a colorless, flammable, strong-smelling chemical that is used in building materials and to produce many household products (see Question 1).
  • Formaldehyde sources in the home include pressed-wood products, cigarette smoke, and fuel-burning appliances (see Question 2).
  • When exposed to formaldehyde, some individuals may experience various short-term effects (see Question 3).
  • Formaldehyde has been classified as a known human carcinogen (cancer-causing substance) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer and as a probable human carcinogen by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (see Question 4).
  • Research studies of workers exposed to formaldehyde have suggested an association between formaldehyde exposure and several cancers, including nasopharyngeal cancer and leukemia (see Question 5).
  1. What is formaldehyde?Formaldehyde is a colorless, flammable, strong-smelling chemical that is used in building materials and to produce many household products. It is used in pressed-wood products, such as particleboard, plywood, and fiberboard; glues and adhesives; permanent-press fabrics; paper product coatings; and certain insulation materials. In addition, formaldehyde is commonly used as an industrial fungicide, germicide, and disinfectant, and as a preservative in mortuaries and medical laboratories. Formaldehyde also occurs naturally in the environment. It is produced in small amounts by most living organisms as part of normal metabolic processes.
  2. How is the general population exposed to formaldehyde?According to a 1997 report by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, formaldehyde is normally present in both indoor and outdoor air at low levels, usually less than 0.03 parts of formaldehyde per million parts of air (ppm). Materials containing formaldehyde can release formaldehyde gas or vapor into the air. One source of formaldehyde exposure in the air is automobile tailpipe emissions.

    During the 1970s, urea-formaldehyde foam insulation (UFFI) was used in many homes. However, few homes are now insulated with UFFI. Homes in which UFFI was installed many years ago are not likely to have high formaldehyde levels now. Pressed-wood products containing formaldehyde resins are often a significant source of formaldehyde in homes. Other potential indoor sources of formaldehyde include cigarette smoke and the use of unvented fuel-burning appliances, such as gas stoves, wood-burning stoves, and kerosene heaters.

    Industrial workers who produce formaldehyde or formaldehyde-containing products, laboratory technicians, certain health care professionals, and mortuary employees may be exposed to higher levels of formaldehyde than the general public. Exposure occurs primarily by inhaling formaldehyde gas or vapor from the air or by absorbing liquids containing formaldehyde through the skin.

  3. What are the short-term health effects of formaldehyde exposure?When formaldehyde is present in the air at levels exceeding 0.1 ppm, some individuals may experience adverse effects such as watery eyes; burning sensations in the eyes, nose, and throat; coughing; wheezing; nausea; and skin irritation. Some people are very sensitive to formaldehyde, whereas others have no reaction to the same level of exposure.
  4. Can formaldehyde cause cancer?Although the short-term health effects of formaldehyde exposure are well known, less is known about its potential long-term health effects. In 1980, laboratory studies showed that exposure to formaldehyde could cause nasal cancer in rats. This finding raised the question of whether formaldehyde exposure could also cause cancer in humans. In 1987, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) classified formaldehyde as a probable human carcinogen under conditions of unusually high or prolonged exposure (1). Since that time, some studies of humans have suggested that formaldehyde exposure is associated with certain types of cancer. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classifies formaldehyde as a human carcinogen (2).
  5. What have scientists learned about the relationship between formaldehyde and cancer?Since the 1980s, the National Cancer Institute (NCI), a component of the National Institutes of Health, has conducted studies to determine whether there is an association between occupational exposure to formaldehyde and an increase in the risk of cancer. The results of this research have provided EPA and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) with information to evaluate the potential health effects of workplace exposure to formaldehyde.

    The long-term effects of formaldehyde exposure have been evaluated in epidemiologic studies (studies that attempt to uncover the patterns and causes of disease in groups of people). One type of epidemiologic study is called a cohort study. A cohort is a group of people who may vary in their exposure to a particular factor, such as formaldehyde, and are followed over time to see whether they develop a disease. Another kind of epidemiologic study is called a case-control study. Case-control studies begin with people who are diagnosed as having a disease (cases) and compare them to people without the disease (controls), trying to identify differences in factors, such as exposure to formaldehyde, that might explain why the cases developed the disease but the controls did not.

    Several NCI surveys of professionals who are potentially exposed to formaldehyde in their work, such as anatomists and embalmers, have suggested that these individuals are at an increased risk of leukemia and brain cancer compared with the general population. However, specific work practices and exposures were not characterized in these studies. An NCI case-control study among funeral industry workers that characterized exposure to formaldehyde also found an association between increasing formaldehyde exposure and mortality from myeloid leukemia (3). For this study, carried out among funeral industry workers who had died between 1960 and 1986, researchers compared those who had died from hematopoietic and lymphatic cancers and brain tumors with those who died from other causes. (Hematopoietic or hematologic cancers such as leukemia develop in the blood or bone marrow. Lymphatic cancers develop in the tissues and organs that produce, store, and carry white blood cells that fight infections and other diseases.) This analysis showed that those who had performed the most embalming and those with the highest estimated formaldehyde exposure had the greatest risk of myeloid leukemia. There was no association with other cancers of the hematopoietic and lymphatic systems or with brain cancer.

    A number of cohort studies involving workers exposed to formaldehyde have recently been completed. One study, conducted by NCI, looked at 25,619 workers in industries with the potential for occupational formaldehyde exposure and estimated each worker’s exposure to the chemical while at work (4). The results showed an increased risk of death due to leukemia, particularly myeloid leukemia, among workers exposed to formaldehyde. This risk was associated with increasing peak and average levels of exposure, as well as with the duration of exposure, but it was not associated with cumulative exposure. An additional 10 years of data on the same workers were used in a follow-up study published in 2009 (5). This analysis continued to show a possible link between formaldehyde exposure and cancers of the hematopoietic and lymphatic systems, particularly myeloid leukemia. As in the initial study, the risk was highest earlier in the follow-up period. Risks declined steadily over time, such that the cumulative excess risk of myeloid leukemia was no longer statistically significant at the end of the follow-up period. The researchers noted that similar patterns of risks over time had been seen for other agents known to cause leukemia.

    A cohort study of 11,039 textile workers performed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) also found an association between the duration of exposure to formaldehyde and leukemia deaths (6). However, the evidence remains mixed because a cohort study of 14,014 British industry workers found no association between formaldehyde exposure and leukemia deaths (7).

    Formaldehyde undergoes rapid chemical changes immediately after absorption. Therefore, some scientists think that formaldehyde is unlikely to have effects at sites other than the upper respiratory tract. However, some laboratory studies suggest that formaldehyde may affect the lymphatic and hematopoietic systems. Based on both the epidemiologic data from cohort and case-control studies and the experimental data from laboratory research, NCI investigators have concluded that exposure to formaldehyde may cause leukemia, particularly myeloid leukemia, in humans.

    In addition, several case-control studies, as well as analysis of the large NCI industrial cohort (5), have found an association between formaldehyde exposure and nasopharyngeal cancer, although some other studies have not. Data from extended follow-up of the NCI cohort found that the excess of nasopharyngeal cancer observed in the earlier report persisted (8).

    Earlier analysis of the NCI cohort found increased lung cancer deaths among industrial workers compared with the general U.S. population. However, the rate of lung cancer deaths did not increase with higher levels of formaldehyde exposure. This observation led the researchers to conclude that factors other than formaldehyde exposure might have caused the increased deaths. The most recent data on lung cancer from the cohort study did not find any relationship between formaldehyde exposure and lung cancer mortality.

  6. What has been done to protect workers from formaldehyde?In 1987, OSHA established a Federal standard that reduced the amount of formaldehyde to which workers can be exposed over an 8-hour work day from 3 ppm to 1 ppm. In May 1992, the standard was amended, and the formaldehyde exposure limit was further reduced to 0.75 ppm.
  7. How can people limit formaldehyde exposure in their homes?The EPA recommends the use of “exterior-grade” pressed-wood products to limit formaldehyde exposure in the home. Before purchasing pressed-wood products, including building materials, cabinetry, and furniture, buyers should ask about the formaldehyde content of these products. Formaldehyde levels in homes can also be reduced by ensuring adequate ventilation, moderate temperatures, and reduced humidity levels through the use of air conditioners and dehumidifiers.
  8. Where can people find more information about formaldehyde?The following organizations can provide additional resources that readers may find helpful:

    The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has information about household products that contain formaldehyde. CPSC can be contacted at:

    Address: U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
    4330 East West Highway
    Bethesda, MD 20814
    Telephone: 1–800–638–2772 (1–800–638–CPSC)
    TTY: 301–595–7054
    Web site:

    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) maintains information about cosmetics and drugs that contain formaldehyde. FDA can be contacted at:

    Address: U.S. Food and Drug Administration
    10903 New Hampshire Avenue
    Silver Spring, MD 20993–0002
    Telephone: 1–888–463–6332 (1–888–INFO–FDA)
    Web site:

    The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has information about formaldehyde exposure levels in mobile homes and trailers supplied by FEMA after Hurricane Katrina. FEMA can be contacted at:

    Address: Federal Emergency Management Agency
    Post Office Box 10055
    Hyattsville, MD 20782–7055
    Telephone: 1–800–621–3362 (1–800–621–FEMA)
    E-mail: [email protected]
    Web site:

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has information about occupational exposure limits for formaldehyde. OSHA can be contacted at:

    Address: U.S. Department of Labor
    Occupational Safety and Health Administration
    200 Constitution Avenue
    Washington, DC 20210
    Telephone: 1–800–321–6742 (1–800–321–OSHA)
    Web site:

Selected References

  1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation. Report to Congress on Indoor Air Quality, Volume II: Assessment and Control of Indoor Air Pollution, 1989.
  2. International Agency for Research on Cancer (June 2004). IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans Volume 88 (2006): Formaldehyde, 2-Butoxyethanol and 1-tert-Butoxypropan-2-ol. Retrieved May 4, 2009, from:
  3. Hauptmann M, Stewart PA, Lubin JH, et al. Mortality from lymphohematopoietic malignancies and brain cancer among embalmers exposed to formaldehyde. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2009; 101(24). Published online ahead of print November 20, 2009.
  4. Hauptmann M, Lubin JH, Stewart PA, Hayes RB, Blair A. Mortality from lymphohematopoietic malignancies among workers in formaldehyde industries. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2003; 95(21):1615–1623.
  5. Beane Freeman L, Blair A, Lubin JH, et al. Mortality from lymphohematopoietic malignancies among workers in formaldehyde industries: The National Cancer Institute cohort. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2009; 101(10):751–761.
  6. Pinkerton LE, Hein MJ, Stayner LT. Mortality among a cohort of garment workers exposed to formaldehyde: An update. Occupational Environmental Medicine 2004; 61:193–200.
  7. Coggon D, Harris EC, Poole J, Palmer KT. Extended follow-up of a cohort of British chemical workers exposed to formaldehyde. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2003; 95(21):1608–1615.
  8. Hauptmann M, Lubin JH, Stewart PA, Hayes RB, Blair A. Mortality from solid cancers among workers in formaldehyde industries. American Journal of Epidemiology 2004; 159(12):1117–1130.

Don’t muck around with Seniors

A lawyer and a senior citizen are sitting next to each other on a long flight.

The lawyer is thinking that seniors are so dumb that he could get one over on them easy.

So the lawyer asks if the senior would like to play a fun game.

The senior is tired and just wants to take a nap, so he politely declines and tries to catch a few winks..

The lawyer persists saying that the game is a lot of fun.  ‘I ask you a question, and if you don’t know the answer, you pay me only $5.

Then you ask me one, and if I don’t know the answer, I will pay you $500,’ he says.

This catches the senior’s attention and to keep the lawyer quiet, he agrees to play the game.

The lawyer asks the first question.  ‘What’s the distance from the Earth to the Moon?’

The senior doesn’t say a word, but reaches into his pocket, pulls out a five-dollar bill, and hands it to the lawyer.
Now it’s the senior’s turn.  He asks the lawyer, ‘What goes up a hill with three legs, and comes down with four?’
Fun & Info @
The lawyer uses his laptop and searches all references he could find on the


He sends e-mails to all the smart friends he knows; all to no avail. After an hour of searching, he finally gives up


He wakes the senior and  Then hands him $500. senior pockets the $500 and goes right back to sleep.


The lawyer is going nuts not knowing the answer. He wakes the senior up and asks, ‘Well, so what goes up a hill with three legs and comes down with four?’


The senior reaches into his pocket, hands the lawyer $5 and goes back to sleep.


You know you’re going to send this one on . . . . .

don’t muck around with seniors!!!!
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Look For Goodness

In everything, goodness is there.

Our goal is to find it. In every person, the best is there, our job is to recognise it. In every situation, the positive is there, our opportunity is to see it.

In every problem, the solution is there, our responsibility is to provide it. In every setback, the success is there, our adventure is to discover it. In every crisis, the reason is there, our challenge is to understand it.

By seeing the goodness, we’ll be very enthusiastic and our lives will be all the richer.

Live Purposefully

If you don’t live life on purpose you live life by accident.

Why do some days feel like a motorway pile up? It’s because you haven’t sorted out your purpose yet.

The highest purpose is always giving, or serving others, without wanting anything in return.

This is why relaxation is always impossible if we are always ‘on the take’. There is an overall purpose for your life, and each of the many scenes which fill your day are opportunities to serve your purpose.

Take time to think deeply, listen to your intuition, and with patience, the reason why you are here, and what you uniquely have to give, will occur to you.

Then you can live your life ‘on purpose’.

How to prevent static in hair…By Schrlau

Things You’ll Need:

  • Treatment conditioner
  • Daily detangling conditioner
  • Leave in styling conditioner
  • Conditioning shampoo
  • Styling products that are non-drying

Step 1:
Shampoo with conditioning shampoos. Rinse with cool water.

Step 2:
Condition daily with detangling conditioner from mid shaft to ends, set 1-2 minutes & rinse. Weekly use a treatment conditioner from mid-shaft to ends to maintain moisture levels. If you blow dry or use heated tools daily condition more often.

Step 3:
Use leave in conditioners and styling product that add moisture to the hair.

Step 4:
Use cool air setting on your blow dryer. Keep the air flow of the blow dryer in a downward motion this will reduce static.

Step 5:
Hold the hair while drying, this will reduce fly aways and encouragement of static.

Step 6:
Put the hair up during times when static is more of a challenge. Try to not rub the hair against any materials, hats, clothes, car seats, etc.

Tips & Warnings

  • Let your hair air dry occasionally, excessive heat from a blow dryer can encourage static
  • Use a Blow dryer that reduces static- “T3”, it may take more time to dry, but it definitely will reduce the static.
  • Fabric softener sheet, need I say more?
  • Occasionally static is encouraged by over drying the hair, so you may need to re-wet the hair and start over.
  • Spray your tools with hairspray to reduce static or rub the static free sheet over them.
  • Helmut head is an alternative, not a pretty one- spray the hair with a stronger hairspray until it no longer moves, static- no worries.
  • Use static free tools. They make a lot of different types of combs and brushes that are static free, use them- year round!